How to set Sub-domain and sub-directory in WordPress?

Setting up subdomains and subdirectories in WordPress typically involves configuring your web hosting and domain settings.

Here’s a general guide on how to do it:

1. Register or Configure the Subdomain:

  • Register a Subdomain: If you haven’t already registered the subdomain you want to use, you’ll need to do this through your domain registrar. This involves creating a DNS record for the subdomain and pointing it to your web server’s IP address.
  • Configure Subdomain: If you already have a domain and want to add a subdomain, you can usually do this through your web hosting control panel (cPanel, Plesk, etc.). Look for options related to “Subdomains” or “Domain Management.”

2. Set Up a Subdirectory:

Setting up a subdirectory is relatively straightforward and doesn’t require domain registration changes. Here’s how to set up subdirectories in WordPress:

  • Install WordPress: If you haven’t already, you’ll need to install WordPress on your main domain. Most web hosts offer one-click WordPress installations through their control panels.
  • Create Subdirectories: Log in to your web hosting control panel and navigate to your website’s file directory. Create subdirectories for the different sections you want. For example, if you want a blog section, create a “blog” folder.
  • Install WordPress in Subdirectories: You can install separate instances of WordPress in each subdirectory. You’ll need to create a new MySQL database for each installation and point the subdirectory to that installation’s folder.
  • Configure Permalinks: After installing WordPress in subdirectories, go to the WordPress dashboard for each subdirectory and configure the permalink structure to suit your needs. You can do this by navigating to “Settings” > “Permalinks.”

3. Configure Subdomain or Subdirectory in WordPress:

Once your subdomain or subdirectory is set up, you can configure WordPress to use them for different sections of your website.

  • For Subdomains: If you’ve set up subdomains, you can create a new WordPress installation for each subdomain, specifying the subdomain during the installation process. Each subdomain will have its separate WordPress instance and content.
  • For Subdirectories: If you’ve set up subdirectories, you don’t need separate WordPress installations. Instead, you can use a single WordPress installation for your main domain and each subdirectory. Customize each subdirectory’s content and appearance as needed.

Remember to consider SEO best practices when setting up subdomains or subdirectories, and configure your WordPress settings, themes, and plugins accordingly. Additionally, if you’re using a caching plugin, ensure it’s configured correctly to handle subdomains or subdirectories if needed.

Lastly, always make backups before making significant changes to your website’s structure or configuration to avoid data loss.

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